black sea grain deal

Russia appears highly likely, with a 99.9% certainty, to withdraw from a United Nations-mediated agreement concerning the safe transportation of Black Sea grain during wartime, as it no longer relies on Ukrainian ports for exporting ammonia, according to a high-ranking Ukrainian diplomat.

Last July, the Black Sea Grain Initiative was brokered by the United Nations and Turkey, involving Moscow and Kyiv, as a measure to address a global food crisis that had been aggravated by Russia’s invasion of its neighboring country and the blockade of Ukrainian Black Sea ports.

In the event that several demands presented by Moscow, which include the elimination of barriers to Russian grain and fertilizer exports, are not met, Russia has threatened to decline the extension of the agreement beyond July 18.

The Black Sea export agreement also encompasses the secure shipment of ammonia, a vital component in nitrate fertilizers. However, no ammonia has been transported under this initiative.

Russia has been advocating for the resumption of ammonia supplies through a pipeline passing through Ukraine to the Black Sea port of Odesa, which has remained inactive since last year.

Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry Ambassador at Large, Olha Trofimtseva, conveyed that Russian ammonia producer Uralchem has discovered an alternative route and no longer requires Odesa for ammonia exports.

Trofimtseva shared on the Telegram messaging app, “The grain corridor. There is a 99.9% likelihood that Russia will withdraw from it in July.”

Uralchem’s CEO, Dmitry Konyaev, stated last month that a dedicated ammonia terminal, expected to complete its initial construction phase on the Taman Peninsula in Russia by the end of 2023, could potentially serve as a substitute for the Odesa pipeline.


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